A friend of mine recently published a book called Old Testament Use of Old Testament (Gary Schnittjer). I cannot recommend it highly enough. It’s massive, well-researched and takes the reader on a journey through each book of the OT, highlighting countless intertextual connections in Scripture. I would encourage you to check it out here.
In honor of his publication, I thought I would show a few intertextual connections in Isaiah 12. As I said in my Sunday sermon when preaching on this chapter, it seems that Isaiah dipped the entire passage in other Scripture, coating it with rich biblical background. Here are a few areas that connect with Isaiah 12 (listen to the sermon to hear about the significance of many of these connections; all passages cited below are in ESV). In some places, some of the passages listed may reference Isaiah rather than the other way around; the interpreter will have to examine each on a case-by-case basis.
|12:1 You will say in that day: “I will give thanks to you, O LORD, for though you were angry with me, your anger turned away, that you might comfort me.||Isaiah 5:25b; 9:12b, 17b, 21b For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.|
|12:2 “Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and will not be afraid; for the LORD GOD is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation.”||Exodus 15:2 The LORD is my strength and my song, and he has become my salvation; this is my God, and I will praise him, my father’s God, and I will exalt him. Psalm 118:14 The LORD is my strength and my song; he has become my salvation.|
|12:3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.||Psalm 105:41, 43 He opened the rock, and water gushed out; it flowed through the desert like a river… 43 So he brought his people out with joy, his chosen ones with singing.|
|12:4 And you will say in that day: “Give thanks to the LORD, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the peoples, proclaim that his name is exalted.||Psalm 105:1 Oh give thanks to the LORD; call upon his name; make known his deeds among the peoples! Psalm 148:13 Let them praise the name of the LORD, for his name alone is exalted; his majesty is above earth and heaven.|
|12:5 “Sing praises to the LORD, for he has done gloriously; let this be made known in all the earth.||Exodus 15:1 Then Moses and the people of Israel sang this song to the LORD, saying, “I will sing to the LORD, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider he has thrown into the sea. (cf. 15:21) Psalm 9:11 Sing praises to the LORD, who sits enthroned in Zion! Tell among the peoples his deeds!|
|12:6 Shout, and sing for joy, O inhabitant of Zion, for great in your midst is the Holy One of Israel.”||Zephaniah 3:14 Sing aloud, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel! Rejoice and exult with all your heart, O daughter of Jerusalem!|