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Posts by Bryan Murawski

Hebrews 13c – Big Ideas in Hebrews

At the end of each sermon series, I like to collect together all the “Big Ideas” of each sermon and reflect on the entire book as a whole.  Skim down through each Big Idea and see if you can notice some of the main themes and emphases in this magnificent book!  (For two sermons, I did not have a formal Big Idea, mainly because the original intent was to preach it with the passage before or after and the original…

Hebrews 13:7 – Who Are Our “Leaders”?

The word “leader” can mean many different things.  It can refer to the leader of a country or the leader of a team of employees.  One can be a leader in the game, “Follow the Leader” or one can be the leader of a sports team with most points scored. So what does the Preacher mean in Hebrews 13:7 when he says, “Remember your leaders, those who spoke to you the word of God.  Consider the outcome of their way…

Hebrews 12b – A Hidden Allusion in Hebrews

Hebrews is a book well-known for its many overt quotations of the Old Testament.  Usually the author announces such references with explicit lead-in statements like, “he said” or “it has been testified somewhere.”  They usually aren’t hard to miss! Occasionally, though, with someone as saturated in OT thought as the Preacher in Hebrews, allusions can slip by almost unnoticed.  In Hebrews 12:12-13, the Preacher writes, “Therefore lift your drooping hands and strengthen your weak knees, and make straight paths for…

Hebrews 11:35 – Heaven is Better than Bacon

How great is Heaven?  The author of Hebrews might give us a clue. In Hebrews 11, the anonymous writer recites dozens of examples of men and women of faith.  In verse 35, he writes, “Some were tortured, refusing to accept release, so that they might rise again to a better life” (ESV). Though most (if not all) the examples given in Hebrews 11 point to people in the Old Testament, many Bible scholars believe that this verse possibly refers to…

The Structure of Hebrews 11

Hebrews 11 offers a simple structure that helps organize the material in a nice, orderly fashion.  Yet it still throws in a few surprises along the way that serve to highlight some of the author’s main points. A cursory reading of the text will show 18 times when the author begins a sentence, “By faith.” 11:3 – “By faith we…” 11:4 – “By faith Abel…” 11:5 – “By faith Enoch…” 11:7 – “By faith Noah…” 11:8 – “By faith Abraham…”…

Hebrews 10b – Closing the Gap with 4:14-16

After reading Hebrews 10:19-25, you might feel like you’ve heard some of this before.  That’s because you have!  Hebrews 4:14-16 sounds remarkably familiar, paralleling much of the language in 10:19-25 in what scholars call an “inclusio.”  The effect frames the material in between, wrapping up a long, detailed argument. I did a textual comparison between the two texts (using NASB for the English).  Studying this, you can see how carefully the two texts parallel each other in their main thoughts…

A Double Parallel: Hebrews 9:20 // Exodus 24:8 // Matthew 26:28

Most times when we quote another source, that quote is singular: we want our audience to think about one reference.  Whether we quote a movie, a book, or a music lyric, our quotes tend to be singular and—let’s be honest—usually superficial. The author of Hebrews, however, often has multiple layers to his references.  Consider the quote in Hebrews 9:20.  I’ll give you the verse before as well for context: “For when every commandment of the law had been declared by…

Hebrews 9a – What Was in the Ark of the Covenant?

What was in the Ark of the Covenant?  Hebrews 9:4 reads, “the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden urn holding the manna, and Aaron’s staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant” (all Scripture ESV).  Here, the author of Hebrews lists three items that were “in” the Ark: a golden urn holding manna, Aaron the high priest’s staff and the tablets of the 10 Commandments. It seems so straightforward.  But…

Hebrews 8 – The Relationship between Israel and the Church: An Analogy

The quotation and application of the New Covenant from Jeremiah 31 in Hebrews 8 encourages us to consider the relationship between Israel and the Church.  Jeremiah 31:31-34 clearly and emphatically speaks of the recipients of the New Covenant as Israel (“I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah”; vs 31; cf vs 33; ESV translation used throughout).  The New Testament, however, broadens the application of the covenant to the church, including Gentile…

Hebrews 7b – 10 Reasons Why Jesus’s Priesthood is Greater Than the Levitical Priesthood

In my sermon on Hebrews 7:11-28, I noted 10 reasons why Jesus’s priesthood is greater than the Levitical priesthood.  I’ll also throw in here three bonus topics that I had to cut from the sermon due to time and pacing. Here are the 10 reasons why Jesus’s priesthood is greater, along with the verse references: 1) The new priesthood obtained perfection (7:11) 2) The new priesthood changed the Law (7:12) 3) The new Priest is indestructible (7:16) 4) The new…

Hebrews 6b: Are You the Only One Who Holds That View, Pastor?

I was taught in seminary that if you ever come up with a totally new view while studying Scripture, you should study harder.  It’s not that pastors never have new thoughts, but after 2000 years of Bible study, a genuinely new thought is sometimes hard to come by. After my sermon last week on Hebrews 6, where I presented five views on the passage, then argued for one of them, I had a few people ask me, “Are you the…

Hebrews 5b – Who are the milk drinkers?

Hebrews 5:11-14 chastises the original readers for still relying on milk, when they should really be eating meat by now.  Somewhere along the way, they became spiritually dull of hearing.  They are “unskilled in the word of righteousness” and lack discernment and the ability to distinguish between good and evil.  They ought to be teachers, but instead, they’re still learning to count to 10 and how to sing their ABCs. Who are these milk drinkers? Pastor John MacArthur argues that…

Hebrews 4b-5a – Who Should I Vote For?

Jesus is greater. That’s the theme of Hebrews.  Three simple words.  One profound truth. In today’s sermon, we saw that truth applied against the leadership of our country.  Who is greater: Jesus or Trump?  Who is greater: Jesus or Biden? The answer is simple: Jesus!  The encouragement was to proclaim the name of Jesus more than you proclaim the name of a political leader or a political party.  Turn a political conversation into a spiritual conversation by pointing people to…

Hebrews 4a – Tidbits from the Text

In today’s sermon, I cut out a few minor points, none of which significantly contributed to the overall picture that the Preacher of Hebrews makes in this chapter.  All details of each text of Scripture are important, but this doesn’t mean that each detail is equally important in a sermon.  If a preacher preached all the thing he could preach in a given text, he’d likely never get past a single chapter of Scripture! Here are a few odds and…

Hebrews 3b – The “Unbelief” of Psalm 95

In my sermon today, I summarized the flow of thought in Hebrews 3:7-19 like this: 1) The unbelief and hard hearts of the first-generation Israelites led them to lose out on the reward of rest. 2) Christian believers, likewise, can be deceived by sin, resulting in unbelief, hard hearts and loss of reward. 3) To avoid this, Christians must regularly encourage one another and hold firm their confidence in the Gospel. The text I preached ended with the statement: “So…

Hebrews 3a – An Allusion to Numbers 12:7 in Hebrews 3:2

We have seen a number of overt quotations in the book of Hebrews (I keep a catalog comparing them on the blog here—I’ll update it as I work throughout the book). In Hebrews 3:2, however, we have an allusion to a specific text, not an explicit quotation. The verse reads, “He was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was in all His house” (NASB). Many commentators note the similarity this verse has with Numbers 12:7. Let’s look at that…

Hebrews 2b – Quoting Psalm 8

This blog started out as a “Cutting Room Floor” of my sermons—stuff that I left out of the sermon because it was too deep, took too much time, or was simply not directly related to the main focus of the sermon.  If I were to follow that line of thinking directly, the true “cutting room floor” of this week’s sermon will be next week’s sermon!  I originally intended to preach all the rest of Hebrews 2, down through the end…

Who Wrote the Book of Hebrews?

HISTORICAL WITNESSES 1) Clement of Rome (AD 96) Most scholars believe that Clement of Rome wrote the letter called 1 Clement in 96 AD.  In that letter, he quotes a significant portion of the book of Hebrews. 1 Clement 36:1-6 This is the way, dearly beloved, wherein we found our salvation, even Jesus Christ the High priest of our offerings, the Guardian and Helper of our weakness. 2 Through Him let us look steadfastly unto the heights of the heavens;…