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Posts from January 2021

Hebrews 10b – Closing the Gap with 4:14-16

After reading Hebrews 10:19-25, you might feel like you’ve heard some of this before.  That’s because you have!  Hebrews 4:14-16 sounds remarkably familiar, paralleling much of the language in 10:19-25 in what scholars call an “inclusio.”  The effect frames the material in between, wrapping up a long, detailed argument. I did a textual comparison between the two texts (using NASB for the English).  Studying this, you can see how carefully the two texts parallel each other in their main thoughts…

A Double Parallel: Hebrews 9:20 // Exodus 24:8 // Matthew 26:28

Most times when we quote another source, that quote is singular: we want our audience to think about one reference.  Whether we quote a movie, a book, or a music lyric, our quotes tend to be singular and—let’s be honest—usually superficial. The author of Hebrews, however, often has multiple layers to his references.  Consider the quote in Hebrews 9:20.  I’ll give you the verse before as well for context: “For when every commandment of the law had been declared by…

Hebrews 9a – What Was in the Ark of the Covenant?

What was in the Ark of the Covenant?  Hebrews 9:4 reads, “the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden urn holding the manna, and Aaron’s staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant” (all Scripture ESV).  Here, the author of Hebrews lists three items that were “in” the Ark: a golden urn holding manna, Aaron the high priest’s staff and the tablets of the 10 Commandments. It seems so straightforward.  But…